Mauritius, a paradise for golfers

Mauritius, where legislative elections are held on Thursday, is an Indian Ocean democracy often cited as an example for its political stability and economic prosperity, based on tourism and the financial sector.

MULTITUDE OF ISLANDS

The Republic of Mauritius, whose population was 1.3 million in 2014 according to the World Bank, is made up of a multitude of islands and islets. The main one, Mauritius (1865 km²), itself surrounded by several islands, is located some 850 km east of Madagascar.
Rodrigues, the country’s second largest island (104 km²) and enjoying semi-autonomy, is located almost 600 km east of Mauritius, while the tiny Saint-Brandon and Agaléga archipelagos are located some 400 and more 1,000 km north of the main island, respectively.

The Republic of Mauritius, whose population was 1.3 million in 2014 according to the World Bank, is made up of a multitude of islands and islets. The main one, Mauritius (1865 km²), itself surrounded by several islands, is located some 850 km east of Madagascar.
Rodrigues, the country’s second largest island (104 km²) and enjoying semi-autonomy, is located almost 600 km east of Mauritius, while the tiny Saint-Brandon and Agaléga archipelagos are located some 400 and more 1,000 km north of the main island, respectively.

TRIBUTE TO PRINCE MAURICE

Mauritius, which has no indigenous population, was discovered by the Portuguese at the start of the 16th century. The Dutch who settled there in 1598, but abandoned it in 1712 gave its current name in homage to Prince Maurice of Nassau.

France, then briefly occupies the island before passing into the fold of Great Britain, from 1810 until independence in 1968. The Queen of England, Elizabeth II, is maintained as head of the State until 1992, date on which the island becomes a Republic within the Commonwealth.

The Mauritian population is a mosaic of peoples, cultures and languages , which coexist peacefully and reflect the different waves of settlement on the island, ranging from settlers to slaves to Indian workers who arrived during British rule.
Mauritius is officially divided into four ethnic groups, according to the 1968 Constitution. The Hindus – the majority -, Muslims, Chinese and the “general population”, composed mainly of so-called Creole mestizos and Caucasian people of European origin.

POLITICAL STABILITY

Despite several political scandals in recent years, including one that led to the resignation of President Ameenah Gurib-Fakim in 2018, Mauritius remains one of the most stable democracies in Africa, and has regularly experienced political changeover.

The leaders of the three political blocs clashing during the legislative elections on Thursday, the outgoing Prime Minister Pravind Jugnauth, Paul Bérenger and Navin Ramgoolam, have all held the office of head of government in the past.
The Prime Minister holds executive power. The president, elected by the National Assembly, has only honorary functions.

PROSPERITY

Mauritius is one of the richest countries in Africa, with a per capita GDP of 10,500 dollars. In 2018, this republic was the first African country in the “Doing Business” ranking of the World Bank, and aims by 2025 to move from the status of country with “middle income” to that of country with “high income”.
Its economy, which experienced growth of 3.7% in 2018, has evolved considerably since the country’s independence, going from a mainly agricultural economy centered on sugar production, to a diversified economy driven by tourism, textiles and the financial sector.

The country emerged in the early 1990s as an economic miracle, thanks in particular to the textile industry, and has been able to reinvent itself after the fall in the price of sugar and the liberalization of trade in textile products.

In October, the island was removed from the gray list of countries considered by the European Union as tax havens.

With AFP

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+230 5856 9160

© 2019 Conçu par Ebox

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